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Federal Family Class – Parents and Grandparents (FSPP)

Federal Family Class - Parents, Grandparents

  • S.D: Sponsor-driven
Starting May 21, 2024, IRCC will send out invitations to apply to 35,700 interested potential sponsors at random from the pool of people who submitted an interest to sponsor form in 2020 (but did not receive an invitation to apply in 2021, 2022, or 2023). Between October 10 and 23, 2023, 24,200 invitations to apply were sent under parents and grandparents sponsorship program.

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Under parental subsection of family class, Canadian citizen or permanent resident may sponsor a parent or grandparent for Canadian permanent residence.  

Both the Canadian citizen or permanent resident (also called the ‘sponsor') and the foreign national (the ‘sponsored person') must be approved in order for the sponsored person to receive a visa.

Family Class sponsorship is divided to the following sub-categories:

  • Spouse, common-law, and conjugal partners or dependent children (➨page)
  • Parents and grandparents (this page)
  • Other relatives (➨page)
  • Adopted children (➨page)

Ready to take the next step towards your Canadian immigration journey? Fill out the form below and embark on your path to new opportunities.



1- Age

Your sponsor must be at least 18 years old.

2- Status in Canada

Your sponsor must be a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian (indigenous people);

If your sponsor is living outside Canada, he/she cannot sponsor you.

3- Financial Ability

Your sponsor must be able to provide for the basic needs of you and any persons they want to sponsor. They must sign an undertaking which promises support for these basic needs:

  • Rent or mortgage, along with utility bills.
  • Food and personal toiletries, like shampoo, soap and toothpaste.
  • Clothing and other items necessary for daily life.
  • Medical costs not covered by public health insurance, such as dental and eye care.

If your sponsor resides in any province other than Quebec, the length of undertaking is twenty (20) years, starting when you become permanent resident. For sponsors in Quebec the length of undertaking is ten (10) years.

During this period, if you or any sponsored person receives social assistance from government of Canada, the sponsor must repay it.

Your sponsor (and the co-signer, if applicable) must show that they have made the minimum necessary income (MNI) for the past three (3) years. To help you meet the income requirement to sponsor parents and grandparents, co-signer can be the sponsor’s spouse or common-law partner (➨Appendix 8).

If your sponsor lives in Quebec, they must only meet the Quebec’s immigration sponsorship requirements after IRCC approves them.

Your sponsor (and the co-signer, if applicable) must show that they have made the minimum income for the past twelve (12) months (➨Appendix 8).

4- Sponsor Ineligibility

Your sponsor may not be eligible to sponsor you (and your dependents) as their parent or grandparent if they:

  • are in jail, prison, or a penitentiary
  • didn’t pay back an immigration loan or a performance bond;
  • didn’t pay back family support payments (if sponsor resides in Quebec within the past 5 years);
  • didn’t give the financial support based on a sponsorship agreement to sponsor someone else in the past (not applicable if sponsor resides in Quebec);
  • declared bankruptcy and are not discharged (not applicable if sponsor resides in Quebec);
  • receive social assistance for a reason other than a disability;
  • were convicted of attempting, threatening to commit or committing a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence inside or outside Canada;
  • are under a removal order.

5- Relationship to Sponsor

If you are the sponsor’s parent or grandparent, you and your dependents (spouse, partner and dependent children) may be sponsored to immigrate to Canada. Even if you are divorced, you can still include your current spouse or partner in the sponsorship application.

On the application, one of parents (either you or the other parent) will be designated as the main applicant. The other will be designated as a dependant. If the spouse or partner is not sponsor’s parent, he/she cannot be the main applicant.

If parents and grandparents are being sponsored at the same time, the sponsor will have to submit two (2) separate applications: One (1) per couple.

You can’t be sponsored by your child’s or grandchild’s spouse (in-laws). However, your child’s or grandchild’s spouse can be a co-signer on the application.

Ready to take the next step towards your Canadian immigration journey? Fill out the form below and embark on your path to new opportunities.



Step 1: Submit Interest to Sponsor

To begin the sponsorship process, the sponsor must fill out the interest to sponsor form.

The interest to sponsor form is currently closed. It will be opened each year for a very limited time and will be closed as soon as the quota for the program is reached. The interest to sponsor form may be opened again during the same year if more potential sponsors needed. The form will be available from this page (➨ ).

It will be announced by IRCC on its Facebook (CitCanada) and Twitter (@CitImmCanada) accounts before the opening date when interest to sponsor form becomes available.

When the form is submitted, your sponsor receives a confirmation number by email.

Potential sponsors will be invited by email to submit a complete application in the same order that IRCC received the interest to sponsor forms. You can also check if you were invited to apply using IRCC’s invitation status web form (➨

Sponsorship Application
Apply Online (PR Portal) 
Official Program Guide: 
IRCC Application Fees:  
Main applicant: $630
Spouse: $635
Each child: $175
RPRF main applicant: $575
RPRF spouse: $575

(per person if applicable)

The application fee includes a

sponsorship fee of $75

Processing Time: 
Document Checklist:


1-888-242-2100 (in Canada)

1-613-944-4000 (outside Canada)

Web Form:

Visa Office:


Step 2: Submit Your Application

If the sponsor is invited to apply, there are 2 applications:

  • Your sponsor must apply to become a sponsor.
  • You (and your dependents) must apply for permanent residence.

Both the sponsorship and the permanent residence applications must be submitted online at the same time. The applicant(s) must submit the applications using the IRCC Permanent Residence Portal (PR Portal) (➨ 

If the application is complete, the you will receive a letter or an email confirming that the file has been received and accepted for processing. This letter is called the Acknowledge of Receipt (AOR) and will include the IRCC file number.

Once you have received your acknowledgement of receipt, you can create an online account and link your application to it. By creating an account, you will be able to receive email updates and a more detailed case status.

If the sponsor is refused, he/she can choose to continue processing the application for permanent residence for you and your dependents.

  • If the application is withdrawn, all fees minus the $75 CAN sponsorship fee will be refunded.
  • If the application is continued, the application fee will not be refunded.

In most cases, you always should select option A. The only reason to choose option B, is for cases where the applicant knows the sponsor is in fact ineligible to sponsor, but they believe at appeal they can be accepted (e.g. on humanitarian and compassionate grounds).

If the sponsor is approved, they will receive a correspondence from IRCC stating that they have met the eligibility requirements to sponsor you (and your family, if applicable). Once the sponsor is approved, the assessment of your application for permanent residence will be started.

Quebec Undertaking Application (If your sponsor resides in Quebec)

If your sponsor (your child or grandchild) is a resident of Quebec, they will not be required to submit an undertaking of assistance for you at this time. Once the sponsor receives the eligibility approval, they must submit an undertaking application to the Quebec government in order to assess sponsor’s necessary income.

Once the sponsorship application has been sent to IRCC, your sponsor must prepare the Quebec undertaking application in advance, including the application for your selection certificate with all required documents, so that your sponsor sends it to the Quebec government as soon as he or she receives an invitation from IRCC to proceed.

Your sponsor must enclose a copy of this correspondence (sponsor eligibility letter) with the undertaking application to the Quebec government.

If your sponsor’s undertaking application is accepted, a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ – Québec Selection Certificate) will be issued to you (and your dependents, if any). The decision will be forwarded directly to the Canadian visa office covering your country.

Quebec Undertaking Application
Submit Application:  

Ministère de l'Immigration, de la

Francisation et de l'Intégration

285, rue Notre-Dame Ouest, 4e étage

Montréal (Québec) H2Y 1T8


Official Program Guide: 
Application Fee:  
Main applicant: $319
Each dependent: $128
Processing Time: 
Document Checklist:


Tel: 514-864-9191

Fax: 514-864-8158 (general questions)


Step 3: Biometrics

During processing, you will be asked to submit your biometrics.

You and any member of your family between 14 and 79 years old need to give your fingerprints and photo (biometrics) for permanent residence application you submit, even if you gave your biometrics in the past, and they’re still valid. You will be contacted to give your biometrics and you will have 30 days from the date on the letter to do it.

If you apply for permanent residence and are in Canada, you may qualify for an exemption from having to give your biometrics.

In order to give biometrics you need to go to an official biometrics collection service point. You must give your biometrics in person.

Before you go, check the location’s website for its services and fees at (➨ Depending on the location, you may need to make an appointment.

Step 4: Medical and Background Checks

After the assessment of your application based on the eligibility criteria of the program is completed, a decision is being made on your application based on the results of your medical exam, police certificates and background checks.

You and your family (and all your dependents, accompanying or not) must pass medical, criminal and security checks to receive permanent residence. If you or any of your dependents are found medically or criminally inadmissible, your application will be refused.

Medical Check:

Instructions on how to get the medical exam done will be sent to you upon completion of selection based on the program’s eligibility criteria. You and your dependents must go for the medical exam within 30 days of receiving these instructions. Only an approved panel physician (➨ can do a complete medical exam for immigration reasons.

Once the exam is done, the physician will send the results to IRCC and will give you a document confirming that a medical exam is done.

Background Check:

Background check is a required procedure to verify your criminal and/or security background to ensure you are admissible to Canada. Criminality and Security together are background checks. Criminality check is performed by RCMP (Police Service of Canada), and Security by CSIS (Canadian Security Intelligence Service) and CBSA (Canada Border Services Agency).

Step 5: Landing in Canada

If your application is approved, you will be asked to pay your right of permanent residence fee if you haven't already done so. You will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (CoPR) and if you are from a country that requires a visa you will also be issued a permanent resident visa.

You will only become a Permanent Resident of Canada when you cross a Canadian port of entry. This is referred to as ‘landing in Canada’ (➨page).

You must land in Canada before the expiry date, which appears on your Canada Immigration Visa. Usually, the expiry date is one (1) year from the time medical examinations were completed. As this is not always the case, be sure to verify the expiry date as soon as the Canada Immigration Visa is received.

Ready to take the next step towards your Canadian immigration journey? Fill out the form below and embark on your path to new opportunities.







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